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IEEE Open Journal of Antennas and Propagation

rigorous peer review | rapid publication | open access

Additional Articles

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    Antenna Design for the Arctic Weather Satellite Microwave Sounder

    14 July 2023 Roland Albers, Anders Emrich, and Axel Murk propose an antenna design for the Arctic Weather Satellite (AWS), a prototype mission for an operational constellation of microwave sounders, complimenting existing meteorological sounders. The AWS is a microsatellite with a single cross-track scanning radiometer operating in the 54, 89, 183 and 325 GHz bands. Due to the small platform size, the core design focus of the radiometer’s quasi-optics is less complexity and a more compact setup than comparable spaceborne microwave sounders. The main challenge for instrument performance is that only one of the four horns can be located in the focus of the scanning reflector. Consequently, scan angle dependent spillover variations and beam asymmetries can occur. This paper details the simulation and optimisation efforts of the quasi-optics to minimise the aforementioned effects.
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    Tuning the Angular Characteristics of Biomimetic Antenna Arrays

    11 July 2023 Ines Dorsch Dominik Schwarz, Sarah Forster, and Christian Waldschmidt present the concept and the design process of a tunable Biomimetic Antenna Arrays (BMAA). By electronically tuning varactor diodes, such an array can adapt its angular characteristics depending on the direction-of-arrival (DoA) and signal strength of a radar target. The theoretical requirements for the desired task are examined with general S-parameter simulations. Extensive circuit simulations of a proposed architecture unveil a variety of achievable designs of tunable BMAAs. Radar measurements of different implementations in the 77 GHz range and the theoretical analysis are in good agreement.
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    Receive Mode Time-Modulated Antenna Array Incorporating Subsampling—Theoretical Concept and Laboratory Investigation

    07 July 2023 Edward A. Ball, Sumin David Joseph and Alan Tennant present an eight element Subsampling Time Modulated Array (STMA) operating in receive mode with a carrier at 2.4 GHz using bespoke Radio Frequency (RF) hardware. Each STMA cell incorporates subsampling functionality, with the sampling frequency significantly below the carrier frequency and requiring minimal additional hardware. By using this concept, the hardware required for a receiver incorporating an antenna array can be reduced and costs saved. STMA design equations and architecture strategies are presented, and a prototype hardware demonstrator is introduced.
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    A Dual Wide-Band Mushroom-Shaped Dielectric Antenna for 5G Sub-6-GHz and mm-Wave Bands

    05 July 2023 Reza Shamsaee Malfajani, Hamed Niknam, Sampada Bodkhe, Daniel Therriault, Jean-Jacques Laurin and Mohammad S. Sharawi present the design and implementation of a dual wide-band mushroom-shaped antenna. The antenna consists of a cylindrical dielectric resonator (cDRA), a cylindrical dielectric rod as a waveguide (cDR), and a dielectric lens (DL). The cDRA in conjunction with the DL acts as a sub-6-GHz antenna. At the mm-wave band, the small cDR acts as a waveguide, which transfers the wave from the feed toward the larger cDRA and the DL in order to produce a high gain.
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    A Diffusion Model for Multi-Layered Metasurface Unit Cell Synthesis

    04 July 2023 Chen Niu, Mario Phaneuf, and Puyan Mojabi propose a deep learning approach based on a diffusion model to yield metasurface unit cell designs. This method takes desired two-port scattering parameters along with the frequency of operation in an attempt to synthesize three-layered metasurface unit cells. The core of this approach lies in casting the three-layered unit cell synthesis process as conditional three-channel binary image synthesis. The conditions are governed by the desired scattering parameters at a given frequency whereas the binary nature implies the presence and absence of metallic traces.
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    A Deep Learning-Based Approach to Design Metasurfaces From Desired Far-Field Specifications

    04 July 2023 Chen Niu, Mario Phaneuf, Tianke Qiu and Puyan Mojabi develop a deep learning neural network model in conjunction with a method to incorporate auxiliary surface waves for the macroscopic design of transmitting metasurfaces. The main input to the neural network model is the user-defined desired far-field specifications. This network is used to calculate the required tangential electromagnetic fields on the metasurface. These fields will then be augmented by incorporating auxiliary surface waves along the metasurface for power redistribution to satisfy the requirement for having lossless and passive metasurfaces.
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    Statistical Evaluation of the Role of GNSS Signal Propagation Orientation in Low-Latitude Amplitude Scintillation Severity

    30 June 2023 Alison Moraes, Jonas Sousasantos, Bruno J. Affonso, Paulo R. P. Silva, Eurico R. De Paula and João F. G. Monico perform an analysis considering aspects of the orientation of the propagation of the radio signals through the plasma bubbles structures to evaluate how this geometry can affect the scintillation profile. The dataset covers five months of records from three stations over the Brazilian region during the last solar cycle maximum. The initial results indicate that propagation paths fully aligned are consistently related to larger values of S4 and more severe scintillation.
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    Physics-Based Coherent Modeling of Long-Range Millimeter-Wave Propagation and Scattering in Rain

    12 June 2023 Behzad Yektakhah and Kamal Sarabandi present a fast and accurate numerical method for phase coherent modeling of wave propagation and scattering in random media, like rain. In this approach, the random medium is divided into sufficiently large finite slabs and each slab is modeled as a network with multiple input/output ports where ports represent rays with different polarizations propagating in different directions entering and leaving the slabs. The proposed method considers multiple scattering among all scatterers and thus the entire physics of wave-particle interactions is accounted for.
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    Bandwidth Enhancement of Low-Profile Metasurface Antenna Using Nonuniform Geometries

    08 June 2023 Hayden A. Banting and Carlos E. Saavedra investigate artificial magnetic conductor metasurface antennas using a robust, surrogate-assisted, differential evolution optimization technique. Using a uniform metasurface array configuration as a starting point, multiple array configurations are parameterized and the differential evolution optimizer yields nonuniform array geometries exhibiting wideband performance. Two prototypes are fabricated and characterized to experimentally confirm the advantages of proposed designs.
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    Post-Fabrication Technique to Manage Material Variations in 3-D Printed Microstrip Antenna Substrates

    08 June 2023 Zere Iman, Zubair Akhter, Yiyang Yu and Atif Shamim present a post-fabrication technique capable of compensating for variations in the εr of 3D printed substrates, focusing on microstrip patch antennas (MPAs). The proposed technique, suitable for correcting the fr of a single microstrip patch antenna, uses either a single blind via or an array of vias in the 3D-printed substrate. Two MPAs were fabricated on a 3D-printed substrate and it is shown that their fr values can be shifted upward or downward by following the proposed guidelines.